[남정현 교수의 2020임용영어6] 영미문학Q-Skill 3-4

남윤혜 기자 | 기사입력 2019/08/19 [21:36]

[남정현 교수의 2020임용영어6] 영미문학Q-Skill 3-4

남윤혜 기자 | 입력 : 2019/08/19 [21:36]

남정현 교수의 2020임용영어6, 영미문학Q-Skill 3-4

 

 

American Novel

 

Unit 1. The writers of the “Lost Generation

- the twenties:

 

(1) Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)

- a kind of spiritual history of the “Lost Generation”

 

This side of Paradise(1920)

- describes “Lost Generation”; “grown up to find all gods dead, all wars fought, all faiths in man shaken”

- two concerns now filled their lives: “the fear of poverty and the warship of success”

The Great Gatsby(1925), one of the great 20th century novel. symbolist tragedy

- Jay Gatsby: the absolute power and “natural goodness” of money

- through the eyes of Nick Carraway, the narrator, we see both the glamor and ugliness of the twenties.

- symbolism with psychological realism

“symbolic glow”: the house, the parties, the music and guests in unreal world

“Men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars.”

- The hero tries and fails to change the world of hard material objects (and of hard, materialistic people) into the ideal world of his fantasy.

 

2010학년도 중등학교교사 임용후보자 선정경쟁시험 12교시 전공 39번 문제

 

39. Read the following and answer the question.

The motor road hastily joins the railroad and runs beside it for a quarter of a mile, so as to shrink away from a certain desolate area of land. This is a valley of ashes a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens. Occasionally a line of grey cars crawls along an invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak, and comes to rest, and immediately the ash-grey men swarm up with leaden spades and stir up an impenetrable cloud, which screens their obscure operations from your sight.

But above the grey land and the spasms of the bleak dust which drift endlessly over it, you perceive, after a moment, the eyes of Doctor Emerson. They are blue and gigantic their retinas are one yard high. They look out of no face, but, instead, from a pair of enormous yellow spectacles which pass over a non-existent nose. Evidently some wild wag of an oculist set them there to fatten his practice, and then sank down himself into eternal blindness, or forgot them and moved away. But his eyes, dimmed a little by many paintless days, under sun and rain, brood on over the solemn dumping ground.

The valley of ashes is bounded on one side by a small foul river, and, when the drawbridge is up to let barges through, the passengers on waiting trains can stare at the dismal scene for as long as half an hour. There is always a halt there of at least a minute, and it was because of this that I first met Tom’s girlfriend. “We’re getting off,” he insisted. “I want you to meet my girl.” I followed him over a low whitewashed railroad fence, and we walked back a hundred yards along the road under Doctor Emerson’s persistent stare. The only building in sight was a small block of yellow brick sitting on the edge of the waste land, a sort of compact Main Street ministering to it, and contiguous to absolutely nothing. - The Great Gatsbyby F. Scott Fitzgerald

 

Which of the following is NOT a proper understanding of the passage?

And Fill in the blank with ONE word from the excerpt.

The first paragraph describes a __________ site

‘A fantastic farm’ is an example of verbal irony.

‘The eyes of Doctor Emerson’ refers to an advertisement.

‘The only building’ is connected with the image of ashes.

The passage above shows a Gothic atmosphere.

 

Genre: Tragedy, Realism, Modernism, Social Satire

Narrator: Nick Carraway; Carraway not only narrates the story but implies that he is the book’s author

Point Of View: Nick Carraway narrates in both first and third person, presenting only what he himself observes. Nick alternates sections where he presents events objectively with sections where he gives his own interpretations of the story’s meaning and of the motivations of the other characters.

Tone: Nick’s attitudes toward Gatsby and Gatsby’s story are ambivalent and contradictory. At times he seems to disapprove of Gatsby’s excesses and breaches of manners and ethics, but he also romanticizes and admires Gatsby, describing the events of the novel in a nostalgic and elegiac tone.

Protagonist: Gatsby and/or Nick

Major Conflict: Gatsby has amassed a vast fortune in order to win the affections of the upper-class Daisy Buchanan, but his mysterious past stands in the way of his being accepted by her.

Rising Action: Gatsby’s lavish parties, Gatsby’s arrangement of a meeting with Daisy at Nick’s

Falling Action: Daisy’s rejection of Gatsby, Myrtle’s death, Gatsby’s murder

Themes: The decline of the American dream, the spirit of the 1920s, the difference between social classes, the role of symbols in the human conception of meaning, the role of the past in dreams of the future

Symbols: The green light on Daisy’s dock, the eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg, the valley of ashes, Gatsby’s parties, East Egg, West Egg

 

▲ 남정현 교수의 2020임용영어6, 영미문학Q-Skill 3-4     © 남윤혜 기자

 

 

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